Choosing the IAS prelims books in UPSC Examinations

Choosing the IAS prelims books in UPSC Examinations

Selecting the books for IAS exam it’s very critical thing. When we go to a new Store of books we are online or offline we are confused to take the books because IAS prelims books are listed in the huge variety.

There are many books available in the market for the preparation of UPSC or IAS.

Selecting the best IAS prelims books.

The best books for IAS can be selected only with experience and better review of the book. There are thousands of books listed on online stores also offline stores but the content of the book it’s all depends on upon the Publishers and the author of the book. The everyday single publisher publishes a book claiming his on her book is good for UPSC examinations. Many websites I giving books with the discount of up to 60%.

The need of the best book for the preparation of IAS.

It is respective with the preparation what you are doing like IAS IPS or IFS , there is no special book for everything but the only book is for is UPSC. So whatever book you are going to take it will be for Union Public Service Commission examinations. For civil service examinations usually IAS prelims books are most of the part of NCERT books and usually many other books are available for CSAT and general knowledge.

Popular authors also publish book every year but the aspirant who wants to study and want to clear the examinations should always go for the most popular books which I updated every year because everything changes every year and with respect to it the celebration also be updated.

NCERT with Prelims Books

Best Books for UPSC Examinations can only be chosen only if you know which books should be taken and only complete study material can help you with this .NCERT Books are the must with the IAS Prelims Books.



Right time to give Sample Test for UPSC

UPSC Sample test

I receive questions from interested candidates for the course online test series, whether it is the right time to enroll for the course or they should wait longer before enrolling. And means for preliminary examination questions when you mock test should try to exercise comes down?

Means you are preparing for right now?
Ask yourself this question first. Mock or practice exam test while actively preparing for UPSC preparation as I mentioned in this post should be attempted.but not with the call.

Why you should try while preparing mock tests
To do this at the right time helps to improve the course. You know your strong and weak areas and topics that you think you need to cover more thoroughly helps to go through. Oxford Student Atlas say you, important rivers and tributaries, crossing the states through which these rivers, their source and to focus on certain areas of the Delta and Atlas as the first attempt to test again using fake Geography Maps are preparing. You satisfactorily able to try all the river-based questions, you know you have covered this topic well.

This is a proven approach is evident early. I have used it to clean all the time, including initial first.

That said if you are not prepared yet for 2016 or early in 2017, and in 2015 it is planned to try to set you should try mock trial will start at that time. However, at least now you should start building their own GK basis as the latest trend shows that many UPSC preliminary based GK, asking questions. In addition to this, you practice early Newspaper editorials and current affairs means should be developed to read and compile.

Just for convenience, I noted the course of the series is available online, you can make an informed choice comparing.

Quick Tips before giving IAS Exam

IAS Exam Tips

I’m Hindi or non-English medium candidates. I am at a disadvantage compared to English medium candidates. If you choose a language barrier, but rather, the non-availability of study material and the lack of confidence. Every year many students from non-English backgrounds are clearing the civil service exam. You can also. Also, you always have to express yourself in the language you are most comfortable should choose. If you are not comfortable, then opt for English as the medium of examination do not.

I’m going to be in the age range in its class, so it’s too late to try the test
So long as you are eligible to apply for the exam, you have a chance to clean it. A friend of mine tried it in his 30th year (when the age limit was 30 years for general category)) and if not, IAS, has been selected for a dignified central civil service. Another acquaintance of 35-year-old (the age limit was 35 years for SC category) was selected for the IPS. If it ever provided you have a definite plan and through it to try to make the power IAS exam late.

IAS service in India is the most powerful and you really are the king Once you become an IAS officer
IAS is a service that you do good for your country is the best opportunity. This does not mean that it is the most powerful job in India. Rather, it is the politicians who wield real power. Do not join the IAS only driving force. But why you want to become an IAS officer to read this post?

The answer, but I just try to write or mock test preparation to the exam hall and will do my best there is no need to practice
So good luck to you! Any attempt to test, and not just the IAS, without proper practice, is like shooting in the dark already. No matter how good your preparation, you have to test it before entering the examination hall. After all, you only practice a significant lack of effort and hard work does not want to blow up a whole year. That is why the IAS to you the importance of a good Test series need to know.

IAS luck to get through and requires a lot of opportunities. Luck will shine on me
Try any of our lives to luck and chance play a role in varying degrees. But this does not mean that fate and chance are the only things that matter. If so, then you do not have to work hard for the IAS exam, but only so that you will need to ritual luck shines on you. Instead, you should be focusing on right focus and a consistent attitude right with IAS exam preparation.

I hope the above information will help take away any myths you may be about IAS exam. If you have any further doubt or misconception, you can ask your questions in the comments below.

PM Narendra Modi Launches Start-up India Initiative – June 2016 Current Affairs


Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi on January 16, 2016, launched Start-up India initiative to augment start-up ecosystem in the country. The initiative was launched in New Delhi. On this occasion, the Prime Minister also unveiled Start-up India, Stand-up India Action Plan which contained a slew of financial, policy and regulatory measures aimed at giving impetus to innovation and entrepreneurship in the country.

The Prime Minister visited a virtual exhibition and interacted with Start-up entrepreneurs. The PM said that successful start-ups were usually created by those who were driven by an idea, or an urge to solve a problem that people face. He said that he wished to turn the youth of India from job-seekers to job- creators. Under Start-up India, Stand- up India Action Plan, a separate fund will be created with Rs. 10,000 crore corpus for development and growth of innovation-driven enterprises. It will be Rs. 2,500 crore a year for four years.
The Atal Innovation Mission was announced with a focus on strengthening incubation facilities for start-ups. Under the mission, among other things, pre-incubation training will be offered to willing entrepreneurs. Under the mission, 35 new incubators, 7 new research parks, 31 innovation centers will be set up at the premier technology institutes under the public- private partnership mode. 500 sector specific incubators, including 5 new Bio clusters will be established across the country.

An innovation program will be launched in 5 lakh schools across the country to nurture innovation among 10 lakh children. Profits of Start-m units will be made tax-free for 3 years and there will be a moratorium o: labor inspections for the first 3 years; of operations. Capital gains tax is to ex exempted for venture capital investments. However, the exemption: will be applicable only when the proceeds are invested in another startup. The new scheme will be launched to provide Intellectual Property Right protection to start-ups and new firm; Liberalised Fast-track mechanism will.

evolved to process start-up paper: applications under IPR protection wit: 80 percent reduction in registration fee Self-certification-based compliance: the regime will be followed in relation to labor and environmental laws. A knee mobile app to enable start-ups to register themselves within a day and a portal t: apply for clearances online will b; operational from April 1, 2016. It also: provides easier exits for failed venture with a provision for winding them u: within 90 days under the Bankrupt and Insolvency Bill, 2015.






River Source Outflow “Length (km)
Nile Tributaries of Lake Victoria, Africa Mediterranean Sea 6,690
Amazon Glacier-fed lakes, Peru Atlantic Ocean 6,296
Mississippi-Missouri-Red Rock Source of Red Rock, Montana Gulf of Mexico 6,240
Yangtze Kiang Tibetan Plateau, China China Sea 5,797
Amur-Argun Khingan Mts., China Tatar Strait 5,780
Ob Altai Mts., CIS Gulf of Ob 5,567
Yellow (Huang Ho) Eastern part of Kunlan Mts., west China Gulf of Chihli 4,667
Yenisei Tannu-Ola Mts., western Tuva, CIS Arctic Ocean 4,506
Parana Confluence of Paranaiba and Grande rivers Rio de la Plata 4,498
Irtish Altai Mts., CIS Ob River 4,438
Congo Confluence of Lualaba and Luapula rivers, Zaire Atlantic Ocean 4,371
Amur Confluence of Shilka (CIS) and Argun (Manchuria) rivers Tatar Strait 4,352
Lena Baikal Mts., CIS Arctic Ocean 4,268
Mackenzie Head of Finlay river, British Columbia, Canada Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean) 4,241
Niger Guinea Gulf of Guinea 4,184
Mekong Tibetan highlands South China Sea 4,023
Mississippi Lake Itasca, Minnesota Gulf of Mexico 3,779
Missouri Confluence of Jefferson,
Gallatin and Madison rivers, Montana Mississippi River 3,726
Volga Valdai plateau, CIS Caspian Sea 3,687
Madeira Confluence of Beni and Maumore rivers, Bolivia-Brazil boundary Amazon River 3,238
Purus Peruvian Andes Amazon River 3,207
San Francisco Southwest Minas Gerais, Brazil Atlantic Ocean 3,198
Yukon Junction of Lewes and Pelly rivers, Yukon Territory, Canada Bering Sea 3,185
St. Lawrence Lake Ontario Gulf of St. Lawrence 3,058
Rio Grande San Juan Mts., Colorado Gulf of Mexico 3,034
Tunguska (Lower) North of Lake Baikal, Russia Yenesei River 2,995
Brahmaputra Himalayas Ganges River 2,897
Indus Himalayas Arabian Sea 2,897
Danube Black Forest, Germany Black Sea 2,842
Euphrates Confluence of Murat Nehri
and Kara Sun rivers, Turkey Shatt-al-Arab 2,799
Darling Central part of Eastern Highlands, Australia Murray River 2,739
Zambezi 11° 21′S, 24° 22′E, Zambia Mozambique Channel 2,736
Tocantins Goias, Brazil Para River 2,699
Murray Australian Alps, New South Wales Indian Ocean 2,589
Nelson Head of Bow River, western Alberta, Canada Hudson Bay 2,575
Paraguay Mato Grosso Plateau, Brazil Parana River 2,549
Ural Southern Ural Mts., CIS Caspian Sea •> 2,533
Ganges Himalayas Bay of Bengal 2,506
Amu Darya (Oxus) Nicolas Range, Pamir Mts., CIS Aral Sea 2,414
Japura Andes, Colombia Amazon River 2,414
Salween Tibet, south of Kunlun Mts. Gulf of Martaban 2,414
Arkansas Central Colorado Mississippi River 2,348
Colorado Grand Country, Colorado Gulf of California 2,333
Dnieper Valdai Hills, CIS Black Sea 2,284
Syr Darya Tien Shan, China/Kyrgyzstan Aral Sea 2,206
Ohio-Allegheny Potter County, Pennsylvania Mississippi River 2,102
Irrawaddy Confluence of Nmai and Mali rivers, northeast Myanmar Bay of Bengal 2,092
Orange Lesotho Atlantic Ocean 2,092
Orinoco Serra Parima Mts., Venezuela Atlantic Ocean 2,062
Pilcomayo Andes Mts., Bolivia Paraguay River 1,999
Xi Jiang (Si Kiang) Eastern Yunnan Province, China China Sea 1,989
Columbia Columbia Lake, British Columbia, Canada Pacific Ocean 1,983
Don Tula, RSFSR, CIS Sea of Azov 1,968
Sungari China-North Korea boundary Amur River 1,955
Saskatchewan Canadian Rockey Mts. Lake Winnipeg 1,939
Peace Stikine Mts., British Columbia, Canada Great Slave River 1,923
Tigris Taurus Mts., Turkey Shatt-al-Arab 1,899
Rhine Confluence of Hinterrhein and
Vorderrhein rivers, Switzerland North Sea 1,320







Hydrosphere is the name given to all the water of the Earth in solid, liquid and gaseous forms. It thus includes the water of the atmosphere, water on the Earth’s surface (e.g. oceans, rivers, ice- sheets and ground water). Oceans, which are interconnected, cover about 70.8 percent of the surface of the Earth. Pacific Ocean, which is the largest among the oceans, sprawls over an area of about 165,760,000 sq km, an area which is more than the total combined area of all the continents.
The oceans have an average depth of 3.5 km but their depth varies from place to place. The deepest known point is the Challenger Deep, a part of the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean, which is 11.776 km deep.
The water in the oceans totals over 1,300 million cubic km, which is more than 97 percent of world’s total water. The balance of water resources are Contributed by glaciers, ice and snow, fresh water lakes, rivers and the underground water.
The ocean floor consists of three main zones, vi%, the continental shelf, the continental slope and the abyss. The continental shelves are, in fact, the submerged parts of the continents that gently slope into the oceans bordering these continents. They extend onwards to a depth of about 180 metres (600 feet) and considerably vary in width. For example, the continental shelf off north western Europe extends to about 300 kilometres, but off the west coast of North America, there is practically no continental shelf.
The true edge of the continents is, however, the continental slope which begins from the point where the continental shelf ends. The continental slope descends steeply having a depth extending to over 3.6 kilometres.
•The abyss contains large sediment covered plains below the oceans. These plains are often interspersed by lofty volcanic mountains some of which surface as islands and long broad ridges which are in some places 2 to 4 kilometres high and up to 4,000 kilometres wide. The abyss also contains yawning chasms called deep sea trenches.
Continental Shelf (Littoral) is the sea
bed bordering the continents, which is covered by shallow water up to about 100 fathoms (600 feet) beyond which is the continental slope.
Continental Slope is the region of the sea extending next to the continental shelf and having a depth up to 2,000 fathoms.
Continental Drift is a theory or hypothesis that continents have moved relative to each other across the surface of the Earth. The idea was originally put forth by Antonio Snider- Pellegrini in 1858 and developed by the German geologist Alfred Wegener from 1910. He stated that there was just one supercontinent, Pangaea which began to break, up about 200 million years ago, since then the continents have drifted to their present positions.
Salinity of the Water is effected by the extent of evaporation of surface water and the volume of fresh water added by rainfall, rivers and meeting of icebergs. Enclbsed seas in tropical areas which are subjected to rapid evaporation and denied fresh water are highly saline (e.g., Sambar Lake of Rajasthan in India and Dead Sea).
Isohaline is the line which joins, on a map, points of the sea/oceans having equal salinity.
Ocean Current is the movement of a sizeable body of water as a current for fairly long distances along a specific path. It is known as ‘drift current’ when caused by the winds and as ‘convection current’ when brought about by variations in temperature. A ‘warm current’ is the one which flows from a warm to a cold region. The current flowing from a cold to a warm region is called a ‘cold current’.
Stream refers to any body of running water that flows on or under the surface of the water.
Swamp is a portion of wet, waterlogged or flooded land.
Gulf Stream refers to the warm ocean current which starts from the Gulf of Mexico and flows along the eastern coast of North America. Influenced by the westerly winds, it crosses the Atlantic, • moves along the north-west coast of
Europe and helps to keep the British and Norwegian coastal waters warm and navigable during the winter months.
Kuro Siwo (Black Current or Japanese Current) is the warm ocean current which flows up the Asian east coast and is driven by westerly winds towards North America.
Tide is the periodic rise and fall of sea water. The rise and fall occur alternately twice a day. The rising of water is called the Flood Tide and the falling of water is termed as the Ebb Tide.
Spring Tides are caused as a result of the Moon and the Sun pulling the Earth gravitationally in the same direction. They occur twice a month around full moon and new moon.
Neap Tides are caused when the Moon and the Sun pull the Earth gravitationally in opposite directions. They occur twice a month during first and last quarters of the Moon, when the Sun, the Earth and the Moon are at right angles.
Lagoon is a shallow stretch of water which is partly or completely separated from sea by a narrow strip of land.
Reef is a ridge of submerged rock or other hard substance in sea water. It becomes visible at low tides.
Coral Reef is a ridge of coral and other organic material consolidated into limestone lying” near the sea level.
Bay is a wide curving indentation in a coastline lying between two head lands.
Atoll is a circular or horseshoe-shaped coral enclosing within it a lagoon.
Fjord is a shallow stretch of river that may be crossed on foot or in a vehicle, commonly found in Norway or Sweden.
Strait is a narrow sea p

assage that links two large areas of sea, for example the Strait of Gibraltar.
Isthmus is a narrow strip of land connecting two large areas of land (eg., Isthmus of Panama joining the North and South American continents).
Hinterland is the land which lies behind a seaport or seaboard and supplies the bulk of the exports and in which are distributed the bulk of the imports of that seaport or seaboard.