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The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Bill, 2008 Lifestyle and Entertainment National and International News 

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Bill, 2008

The Act has serious implication.- for private schools as well as govern ­ment schools. All private school- need recognition from the designate; authority and all recognized schools must fulfil the defined norms for running schools as per the norm.- & guidelines of RTE Act, 2009. i.e physical infrastructure, teacher-pup: ratio, learning process & others.

A large number of private schools in India screen children as young as three or four years fo: admission, which is illegal as per the RTE norms.RTE has made the charg­ing of capitation fee illegal. All tHi- implies that the governments have tc face challenges in implementing the Act not only upgrading their own schools but also having an appro­priate governance structure to be able to regulate the private schools a; envisaged by the Act. The federal nature of Indian polity and diversity of educational structures meant tha: though the Act is applicable for the entire country, the state governments needed to frame their own rules for its implementation. The Central government framed model rules and made if* available to states as guid­ance. Different state governments took their own time in framing imple­mentation of the RTE, 2009. It is a fact that the few states have completely gone against the rules, and while some have retained more or less all

 

Highlights of the Act

  • The 86th Constitution Amendment Act, 2002 requires the State to provide free and compulsory elementary education to all children. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Bill, 2008 seeks to give effect to this Amendment.
  • All children between the ages of six and fourteen years shall have the right to Free and Compulsory Elementary Education in a neighbourhood school.
  • No child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a Board Examination until the completion of elementary education.
  • The schools may not screen applicants during admission or charge capitation fees. A child shall be awarded a certificate.
  • Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodayas Vidyalayas, Sainik Schools and unaided schools shall admit at least 25% of students from disadvantaged and economi­cally weaker groups.

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